RE "Tip" Foster holds the world record for the highest score on test debut. He scored 287 on test debut for England vs Australia in 1903-04. He is also the only man to captain England at both football and cricket.

Lawrence Rowe of the West Indies however, managed to score more runs than Foster in his first test making 214 and 100* in1971-72. The only other cricketer to score 2 centuries on test debut is Yasir Hameed of Pakistan who made 170 and 108 againstBangladesh in 2003. 

Playing his first test for New Zealand versus India in Calcutta (1965), Bruce Taylor scored 105 and took 5/86. He remains the only cricketer to score a century and take a five-for on test debut.

On first-class debut for Barbados in 1966-67 Geoff Greenidge (no relation to Gordon) scored 205 and took 7/124 against Jamaica. He was also the last white man to play test cricket for the West Indies.

Mohammed Azharuddin scored a century on test debut. Clearly he enjoyed the feeling. He followed it up with centuries in his next two matches and remains the only test cricketer to score three centuries in his first three tests.

Narendra Hirwani, playing his first test for India against the West Indies at Madras in 1998, took an astonishing 16 wickets for 136 runs. Remarkably he broke the world-record for the best debut figures by just 1 run! Bob Massie of Australia had earlier taken 16 for 137 on his debut.

Soon after migrating to New Zealand, Albert Moss played for Cantebury and took 10/28 in an innings. The only ten-for on first-class debut.

And some disappointing ones
Marvan Atapattu of Sri Lanka had a rather unfortunate start to his test career. His first six test innings were 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0. Remarkably he forced his way back into the Sri Lankan team, and has not scored 6 test double centuries - a record for Sri Lanka.

Australian Arthur Chipperfield (1934), West Indian Robert Christiani (1947-48) and Pakistani Asim Kamal ( 2003-04) are the only batsman to score 99 on test debut.

Khalid Hasan of Pakistan made his test debut in 1954 aged just 16 years and 352 days. Four days later his test career was over and is the youngest ever one-cap wonder and played is last day of test cricket at just 16 years and 356 days - a record.

Legend has it that Dr. Roy Park's wife missed his entire test career because she dropped her knitting. Park was dismissed first ball in his only test innings as his wife bent down to pick up her knitting! There was more cricket in the family though, as their daughter married future Australian captain Ian Johnson.

Dennis Smith of New Zealand dismissed Eddie Paynter of England with his first ball in test cricket (1932-33). Unfortunately it was a bit of a false dawn. Smith never took another wicket in test cricket!

Jack MacBryan is probably the unluckiest test cricketer ever. In his only test for England in 1924 only 66.5 overs were possible due to rain. He is the ONLY test cricketer to have never batted, bowled or taken a catch in his entire test career!
At Colombo in 1996-97 India won the toss and batted first. Having scored 537/8 they declared trying to bowl Sril Lanka out for under 337. How wrong they were! Sri Lanka scored 952/6 (a test record) with Sanath Jayasuriya (340) and Roshan Mahanama(225) putting on 576 runs (a test record and 1 run short of the first-class record). They also became the only pair to bat through 2 full days of test cricket.

At the other end of the spectrum, New Zealand were dismissed by England for 26 at Auckland in 1954-55 - a test record for the lowest team total.

The highest first-class score in 1107 by Victoria vs New South Wales in 1926-27. The lowest score by a full team is 12 - byNorthamptonshire vs Gloucestershire in 1907!

Alec Bedser took 14/99 in a test against England in 1953 - the best bowling figures by a bowler in a losing cause.

Ricky Ponting holds the equivalent batting record scoring 242 in a losing cause against India at Adelaide in 2003-04.

Australia's Clarrie Grimmet and India's Dilip Doshi are the only bowlers to take 100 test wickets having started their international careers after the age of 30.

Mario Zagallo of Brazil won the football world cup both as a player and as coach. Geoff Marsh has achieved the same feat in cricket, winning in 1987 as a player and in 1999 as coach.

One of the greatest bowlers in history, Hedley Verity took 10/10 against Nottinghamshire in 1932 - the best bowling figures in first-class history. It is also the only ten-for to include a hat trick. He died during WW-II after having being take prisoner in Italy.

Who is the worst bowler is test cricket? Well that's a toughie! Statistically speaking it is Rawl Lewis of the West Indies whose three match test career saw a bowling average of 318 (the worst in test history) at a strike rate of 585. However, Roger Wijesuriya of Sri Lanka has the worst strike rate of 586 - though he has a better average of 294!

Ken Suttle of Sussex played in 423 consecutive first-class matches between 1954 and 1969 - the longest streak by any cricketer.

Western Province bowler, Bob Crisp is the only bowler to have taken 4 wickets in 4 balls twice in his first-class career.

In 1899, 13-year old Arthur Collins scored 628* in a junior match for Clarke's House at Clifton College. This remains the highest score in any form of cricket. He then took 11 wickets to help his team beat North Tower by an innings and 688 runs! Collins never played first-class cricket and was killed in WW-I.

The record for the highest partnership in any form of cricket is held by two slightly better known players. Sachin Tendulkar (329*) and Vinod Kambli (349*) put on an unbeaten stand of 664 for their school in the Harris Shield tournament.

Women's Cricket - Janette Brittin of England scored 1935 runs for England in 27 tests, making 5 test centuries - both world records. Kiran Baluch of Pakistan scored 242 against the West Indies in 2003-04, a world record.

Charles Bannerman scored the first test century. Billy Murdoch, who played for both Australia and England scored the first test double century (he also hit the first ever six in test cricket). Andy Sandham of England scored the first triple century (in what was his last test match), and Brian Lara has scored the only quadruple century.

Five batsmen have been left stranded on 99* in a test match. Strangely enough this is a fairly recent phenomenon. The unlucky batsmen are Geoff Boycott, Steve Waugh, Alex Tudor, Shaun Pollock and Andrew Hall. While four of them managed test centuries, 99* is the highest test score for Alex Tudor. Mike Atherton once declared England's innings and left Grame Hick stuck on 98*. Andy Flower of Zimbabwe was left on 199* against South Africa (he added 142 in the second innings for good measure), and the greatest of them all Sir Don Bradman was once left stranded on 299*.



George Headley was one of the greatest batsmen of his time, often described as the black Bradman. His son Ronald played test cricket for West Indies, and Ron's son Dean played for England. This is the only family to have a father, son and grandson to play test cricket. This record might be equalled soon. Jahangir Khan played test cricket for India and his son Majid played for Pakistan. Grandson Bazid has played ODIs for Pakistan and is hoping to make his test debut soon. It doesn't end at that Javed Burki and Imran Khan, possibly the greatest of all Pakistani players were Majid's cousins. 

William Henry Cooper, who played the first of his two tests for Australia versus England in 1881-82, and Paul Sheahan, who made his debut in 1967-68 are the only great-grandfather great-grandson pair to play test cricket.

The first two twins to play in the same test match were not Steve and Mark Waugh of Australia, but Rosemary and Elizabeth Signal of New Zealand, versus England in 1984; in women's cricket!!

The Hadlee family has served New Zealand cricket well. Sir Richard Hadlee has captained New Zealand in test cricket. At the time of his retirement he held the world record for the highest number of test wickets, 431. His brother Dayle, and father Walteralso played test cricket for New Zealand. Another brother Barry played ODIs for New Zealand. His wife, Karen has also represented New Zealand in women's cricket.

Steve and Mark Waugh of Australia were two of the most prolific batsmen in world cricket. They are also twins. Steve played for Australia long before Mark made it to the team. When Mark finally played for Australia it was Steve who had been dropped to make room for Mark. Steve was given the job of informing Mark. Their brother Dean also played one first-class match for New South Wales.

Lala Amarnath and Surinder Amarnath are the only father-son pair to have scored test centuries on debut. Strangely neither scored another test century.

Victor Richardson was Australia's vice-captain during the Bodyline series of 1932-33. He later went on to captain Australia. Three of his grandsons played test cricket - Ian, Greg and Trevor Chappell - with Ian and Greg also captaining Australia in test cricket.

The Chappells and the Grace brothers - WG, EM and GF - are the only sets of three brothers to play for the same team in the same test match. The Hearnes went one better. In 1892 at Capetown Jack and George played for England while Frank played for South Africa!

Four Mohammad brothers represented Pakistan - Hanif, Mushtaq, Wazir and Sadiq. A fifth brother, Raees played first-class cricket. Hanif's son Shoaib also represented the country in tests.

Indian batsmen had a strange jinx - for a long time Gundappa Vishwanath was the only Indian batsman to have scored a century on test debut and managed another test century in his career. In recent times this has changed - Mohammed Azharuddin, Sourav Ganguly and Virender Sehwag have all helped break the jinx!

Montague Druitt was a fast bowler who played for Winchester College, Incogniti and Dorset, and was a playing member of the MCC. In 1888 he drowned himself in the Thames. Druitt was suspected to be Jack the Ripper.

In 1958 playing against New Zealand at Headingley England's innings were opened by a rugby player and a football player!Arthur Milton represented England in one football match (vs. Austria in 1951) and Mike Smith won one rugby cap for England (vs. Wales in 1956).

Hemulal Yadav of Tripura has a strange claim to fame. His is the only cricketer to have been given out 'Timed Out' in first-class cricket. Harold Heygate was also given out 'Timed Out', but the prevailing rules meant that the entire innings for the whole team ended.

Making his debut for England against Bangaldesh in 2005 Chris Tremlett took two wickets in two balls. On his hat trick ball Mohammad Ashraful defended the ball which bounced on the ground, then actually landed on the stumps but the bails did not fall, and so Tremlett was denied a hat trick.

In a test match in Faislabad in 1997-98, Mushtaq Ahmed was bowling to Pat Symcox. Symcox missed the ball which went between the stumps knocking back middle stump. However, the heat had fused together the bails, and they did not fall. The middle stump bounced back into place and Symcox continued on his way to 81 - his second highest test score!

In a 1951 in a test versus England, Alex Moir of New Zealand bowled 2 successive overs, the last before tea and the first after the interval! The only other time this happened in test cricket was in an Ashes test in 1921. Declarations had just been introduced in test cricket, but you were not allowed to declare on the first day if less than 100 minutes of play remained. In the 4th test of the series the first day had been washed out, and on day 2 the England captain, Lionel Tennyson wanted to declare but the Australian captain Warwick Armstrong claimed they could not since effectively it was still the first day. A 25 minute argument ensued, and no one noticed that Armstrong bowled the last over before the hold up and the first over immediately after it! 

On the 1974 tour to England, Indian opener, Sudhir Naik was accused of stealing a pair of socks from Marks & Spencers.

John Thayer, who played 7 first-class matches in the USA was the only first-class cricket on board the Titanic. Richard Williams, who was also on board survived and went on to win the Wimbledon doubles title in 1920.

John Traicos is the only man to be born in one country and play test cricket for two other countries. He was born in Egypt and played test cricket for South Africa in the 1970s and then for Zimbabwe when they were awarded test status in the 1990s.

Cotar Ramaswami represented India in the Davis Cup in 1922 and in 1936 made his test debut for India aged 40. In 1985 he wandered out of his home in Chennai and has never been found. He is also one of only two test cricketers to play Davis Cup tennis. The other is Ralph Legall who represented Trinidad in the Davis Cup. In addition, Asif Karim, Kenya's captain during the 1999 world cup was also a Davis Cup player.

Indian batsmen had a strange jinx - for a long time Gundappa Vishwanath was the only Indian batsman to have scored a century on test debut and managed another test century in his career. In recent times this has changed - Mohammed Azharuddin, Sourav Ganguly and Virender Sehwag have all helped break the jinx!

Montague Druitt was a fast bowler who played for Winchester College, Incogniti and Dorset, and was a playing member of the MCC. In 1888 he drowned himself in the Thames. Druitt was suspected to be Jack the Ripper.

In 1958 playing against New Zealand at Headingley England's innings were opened by a rugby player and a football player!Arthur Milton represented England in one football match (vs. Austria in 1951) and Mike Smith won one rugby cap for England (vs. Wales in 1956).

Hemulal Yadav of Tripura has a strange claim to fame. His is the only cricketer to have been given out 'Timed Out' in first-class cricket. Harold Heygate was also given out 'Timed Out', but the prevailing rules meant that the entire innings for the whole team ended.

Making his debut for England against Bangaldesh in 2005 Chris Tremlett took two wickets in two balls. On his hat trick ball Mohammad Ashraful defended the ball which bounced on the ground, then actually landed on the stumps but the bails did not fall, and so Tremlett was denied a hat trick.

In a test match in Faislabad in 1997-98, Mushtaq Ahmed was bowling to Pat Symcox. Symcox missed the ball which went between the stumps knocking back middle stump. However, the heat had fused together the bails, and they did not fall. The middle stump bounced back into place and Symcox continued on his way to 81 - his second highest test score!

In a 1951 in a test versus England, Alex Moir of New Zealand bowled 2 successive overs, the last before tea and the first after the interval! The only other time this happened in test cricket was in an Ashes test in 1921. Declarations had just been introduced in test cricket, but you were not allowed to declare on the first day if less than 100 minutes of play remained. In the 4th test of the series the first day had been washed out, and on day 2 the England captain, Lionel Tennyson wanted to declare but the Australian captain Warwick Armstrong claimed they could not since effectively it was still the first day. A 25 minute argument ensued, and no one noticed that Armstrong bowled the last over before the hold up and the first over immediately after it! 

On the 1974 tour to England, Indian opener, Sudhir Naik was accused of stealing a pair of socks from Marks & Spencers.

John Thayer, who played 7 first-class matches in the USA was the only first-class cricket on board the Titanic. Richard Williams, who was also on board survived and went on to win the Wimbledon doubles title in 1920.

John Traicos is the only man to be born in one country and play test cricket for two other countries. He was born in Egypt and played test cricket for South Africa in the 1970s and then for Zimbabwe when they were awarded test status in the 1990s.

Cotar Ramaswami represented India in the Davis Cup in 1922 and in 1936 made his test debut for India aged 40. In 1985 he wandered out of his home in Chennai and has never been found. He is also one of only two test cricketers to play Davis Cup tennis. The other is Ralph Legall who represented Trinidad in the Davis Cup. In addition, Asif Karim, Kenya's captain during the 1999 world cup was also a Davis Cup player.

At the Lord's test match in 1990 Graham Gooch of England scored 333 and 123 - the only time in the history of first-class cricket that a batsman scored a triple century and a century in the same match. Mark Taylor of Australia came very close to equaling this record when he scored 334* in the first innings and was dismissed for 91 in the second versus Pakistan.

Arthur Fagg who played for Kent is the only man to score two double centuries in the same first-class match.

In the same test match, India needed 454 to avoid the follow-on. At 430/9 Kapil Dev took strike against Eddie Hemmings and after two dot balls hit the next four balls for six - a record in test cricket. Next ball Narendra Hirwani was dismissed by Angus Fraser.

Lala Amarnath is the only person to have got Sir Don Bradman out hit-wicket in test cricket. Probir Sen is the only keeper to have stumped the Don in tests.

Maurice Turnbull actually was a triple international. He played cricket for England and hockey and rugby for Wales and he also won the South Wales Squash Championship! He was killed in in WW-II aged just 38.

 

While he only played 12 tests with limited success, Alfred 'Tich' Freeman is possibly the greatest first-class bowler ever. A short leg-spin googly bowler, he took 3,776 first-class wickets (second only to Wilfred Rhodes) and is the only bowler to take 300 wickets in a single-season (in 1928). He took over 200 wickets in the next seven seasons, and remains the only man to take all 10 wickets in an innings thrice and 17 wickets in a match twice.

One of the greatest all-rounders in the true sense was CB Fry. He captained England at cricket, played for England in football an equaled the world long-jump record. Away from sport he was offered the Kingship of Albania, he represented India at the League of Nations, and Hitler consulted him when he was developing the Youth Programme in Germany.

Sir Donald George Bradman must surely be the greatest batsman of all time. In his last test innings at the Oval in 1948 he needed 4 runs to end with an average of 100. He was bowled by Eric Hollies for a duck. His test average of 99.94 and first-class average of 95.14 are both world records. His 974 runs in a single test series is also a record. He scored two triple centuries and 12 double centuries in test cricket and was once left stranded on 299*.

Brian Lara of the West Indies is the only other man to score two test triple centuries. He is also the only man to claim the test world record twice. He first set the world record in 1994 scoring 375 versus England at Antigua. In 2004, 6 months after Mathew Hayden had broken his world record, Lara reclaimed his record with 400*, again versus England at Antigua. That's not all, he also holds the world record first-class score of 501* for Warwickshire against Durham.

Bill Ponsford is the only other man to score two first-class quadruple centuries.

Playing for Maharashtra vs. Kathiawar in 1948-49, Bhausaheb Nimbalkar had scored 443* by the end of Day 2 in a 3-day match. He was just 9 short of Bradman's first-class world record of 452* but the Kathiawar had had enough punishment and conceded the match to Maharashtra. Another theory doing the rounds is that Nimbalkar himself had to go get married and so would not have been able to bat on Day 3 anyway.

While Sir Don Bradman is regarded by most as the greatest batsman of all time there is still debate about who is the greatest bowler in test history. A strong contender to the title is Sydney Barnes of England who took 189 wickets in just 27 tests. He also took 24 five-fors and still holds the world record for 49 wickets in a test series (he played just 4 matches in the series). He ended his career with a bowling average of 16.43 (number 5 on the all time list) and a strike rate of 41.65 (3rd best ever). He remains the only player to be regularly picked for England while playing League cricket - for Stafforshire.

Another contender for the greatest test bowler title is another Englishman, George Lohmann. He has the best bowling average (an astonishing 10.75 per wicket) and the best strike rate (a wicket every 34.1 balls). He also has the third best bowling analysis of 9/28, after Laker's and Kumble's ten-fors.

At the Lord's test match in 1990 Graham Gooch of England scored 333 and 123 - the only time in the history of first-class cricket that a batsman scored a triple century and a century in the same match. Mark Taylor of Australia came very close to equaling this record when he scored 334* in the first innings and was dismissed for 91 in the second versus Pakistan.

Arthur Fagg who played for Kent is the only man to score two double centuries in the same first-class match.

In the same test match, India needed 454 to avoid the follow-on. At 430/9 Kapil Dev took strike against Eddie Hemmings and after two dot balls hit the next four balls for six - a record in test cricket. Next ball Narendra Hirwani was dismissed by Angus Fraser.

Lala Amarnath is the only person to have got Sir Don Bradman out hit-wicket in test cricket. Probir Sen is the only keeper to have stumped the Don in tests.

Maurice Turnbull actually was a triple international. He played cricket for England and hockey and rugby for Wales and he also won the South Wales Squash Championship! He was killed in in WW-II aged just 38.